Findings on happiness in Callan (1986): study AU 1986

Author(s)Callan, V.J.
TitleSingle Women, Voluntary Childlessness and Perception about Life and Marriage.
SourceJournal of Biosocial Science, 1986, Vol. 18, 479 - 487
PublicAbout 20 aged single women Australia, 1986
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non probability purposive samples, matched for age and education. The final sample of single women consisted of 42 who wanted to be childless, 18 who wanted one child and 42 who expected to have two children. All women rated their choice of one, two or no children as very certain.
Respondents N =102
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "During the past weeks did you ever feel...?" A Particularly excited, or interested in something? B So restless that you could not sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Response options: yes/no If yes: "How often during the past week did you feel so?" 5 all the time 4 mostly 3 often 2 rarely 1 never 0 no Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G, I Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, J Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range -50 to +50 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Author's labelSubjective wellbeing
RemarksPositive affect: range 0-20 M = 15.4 Negative affect: range 0-20 M = 10.0 ABS computed by WDH team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -50 - 50On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: "How do you feel about your life as a whole?" 1 not very satisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 very satisfied
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Wanting childrenC02abCurrent want for children