Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (1984): study ZZ 1974

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleConditions of Happiness.
SourceKluwer Academic, 1984 (reprint), Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1974-1976
 Parts of the world included are: Australia, North America, Western Europe, Latin America, Africa (South of the Sahara), Asia (exc. Japan). Japan is included separately. Not included are Eastern-Europe, China and the Arab countries.
Survey nameNot available
 Gallup/Kettering World Survey.
SampleNot available
 Probability area sampling. Samples representative for parts of the world; not representative for countries except for Japan.
Respondents N =8433
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Conducted by Gallup bureaus in different countries.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "To indicate how you feel about your life at this time, would you use this card? Suppose the top of the mountain represents the best life you can imagine, and the bottom step of the mountain represents the worst possible life you can imagine. On which step of the mountain would you say you personally feel you stand at this time? - assuming that the higher the step the better you feel about your life, and the lower the step the worse you feel about it. Just point to the step that comes closest to how you feel" 10 best possible life 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life (Mountain scale not reproduced here)
Author's labelOverall happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Absolute povertyshow  Poverty in nation
Coercion by governmentshow  Political freedom in nation
Degree of 'interest democracy'show  Interest democracy (interest-groups) in nation
Degree of internal warshow  Civil war in nation
GNP per capitashow  Gnp per capita (raw)
Income inequalityshow  Income inequality in nation
Malnutritionshow  Malnutrition in nation
Public health expenditureshow  Public health in nation