Findings on happiness in Czapinski & Peeters (1989): study ZZ Various nation sets 1985

Author(s)Czapinski, J.; Peeters, G.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Well-Being among Poles and Belgians: A Preliminary Verification of "Onion" Theory of Happiness.
SourcePaper presented at the 2nd Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1989, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Public25+ aged, Belgium and Poland, 198?
 Yaers of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability sample of adult Belgians (140) and Poles (204), males and females, representing various levels of education and professional status.
Respondents N =344
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelCantril present ladder rating
RemarksBelgians: Ms = 7.1 ; SD = 1.6 Poles: Ms = 5.8 ; SD = 1.6
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.60

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelBradburns Affect Balance Scale
RemarksBelgians: Ms = 5.9 Poles: Ms = 6.4
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Belgian nationalityN10ab01Comparison of non-representative nation-samples