Findings on happiness in Andrews (1991): study US 1980

Author(s)Andrews, F.M.
TitleStability and Change in Levels and Structure of Subjective Well-Being: USA 1972 and 1988.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 25, 1 - 30
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00727649
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1972-1988
 1972 -1988
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multi-stage
Respondents N =2985
 1972: 2369, 1988: 616
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 1972: face to face interview 1988: telephone interview
General remarksData 1972 also reported in ANDRE 1974 and ANDRE 1976
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelLife 3, global well-being
Remarks1972: M= 5.4 Ms'= 7.3 1988: M= 5.8 Ms'= 8.0
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Age cohortshow  Current age (in years)
Life aspect satisfactionsshow  Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Satisfaction with accomplishmentsshow  Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Satisfaction with accomplishmentsshow  Successful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with family incomeshow  Satisfaction with income
Satisfaction with funshow  Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with healthshow  Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with national governmentshow  Attitudes to national government
Satisfaction with use of spare timeshow  Satisfaction with leisure activities
Socioeconomic statusshow  Later socio-economic status
White raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA