Findings on happiness in Verkleij & Stolk (1989): study MZ 1983

Author(s)Verkleij, H.; Stolk, J.
TitleDoes Happiness Lead into Idleness?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.: "How Harmful is Happiness", University Press Rotterdam, 1989, Netherlands, 79 - 93
Public30-50 aged, in working force, followed 1 year, urban areas, Netherlands, 1983-84
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Unemployed: Stratified probability sample of registered unemployeds in two urban employment agencies. Stratification for occopation. Employed: Matched controls in the same area, recruted by asking local employers.
Respondents N =1100
Non ResponseT1-T2 attrition: 27%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 T1: interview, T2: mailed questionaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHappiness
Error estimatesReliability: retest after 1 yr: r=+.48 (p<001) Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Attitude to unemploymentE02agAttitudes to own (un)employment
Belonging/lonelinessM15aa01Earlier mood-pattern
Belonging/lonelinessM15aa03Later mood-pattern, also classified as above ↑
Depressive complaintsH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Financial problemsI01af01Concerns about income
HappinessH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)
HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Job lossE02aa02Change in employment
Negative Life-eventsL06ab01gBalance of negative- and positive life-events
Re-employmentE02aa02Change in employment
Re-employmentE02aa02acGetting (re)employed, also classified as above ↑