Findings on happiness in Dobson (1985): study US 1964

Author(s)Dobson, C.D.
TitleAttitudes and Perceptions.
SourcePowers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136
Public50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
 Five samples of fully employed males in nonmetropolitan areas of Iowa: farmers, blue collor workers, small business men, salaried professionals and self-employed professionals
Last assesment1974
 T1: 1964 T2: 1974
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Probability sample, stratified by occupational class. 50+ aged males, full time employed, living near small towns in Iowa, USA. Probability samples of farmers, blue collar workers, small business men, salaried professionals and self employed professionals
Respondents N =1870
 T1: 1870, T2: 1319
Non ResponseT1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel things have worked out for you generally? 4 very well 3 fairly well 2 not very well 1 not at all well
Author's labelGeneral sense of well-being
RemarksT1; M = 3,52 SD = 0,54 Ms' = 8,40 T2; M = 3,53 SD = 0,55 Ms' = 8,43
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation6.55

Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
AnomieA06abCurrent anomy
Approval for political interventionsP09ae02Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Employed statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time
General sense of well-beingH04ab01cLong term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Life-satisfactionL04ag03Adjustment to old-age inventories
Occupational groupO01aa01Earlier occupation
Political cynismP09ag05Perceived political control
RetirementR14aa01Pre-retirement conditions
Self-esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole