Findings on happiness in Kozma & Stones (1980): study CA 1975

Author(s)Kozma, A.; Stones, M.J.
TitleThe Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (M.U.N.S.H.).
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1980, Vol. 35, 906 - 912
Public65-95 aged, New Foundland, Canada, 197?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability quota sample. Probability area samples among rural, urban and institutionalized aged in New Foundland (island part), Canada
Respondents N =598
 (study 1: 301, study 2: 297)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A " ........avowed happiness at this moment of life......" B " ........avowed happiness over the past month......" (Full questions not reported) Response options: 1 2 3 4 5 6 (response labels not reported) Summation : not reported
Author's labelAvowed happiness (AVHT)
Error estimatesCorrelation AVHT-AVH : r=+.91 Correlation AVHT-AVH30: r=+.93
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect Balanceshow  A-AB by M-AO
Happinessshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Life-satisfactionshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories