Findings on happiness in Mussen et al. (1980): study US 1930

Author(s)Mussen, P.H.; Bieber, S.L.; Eichorn, D.H.; Honzik, M.P.; Meredith, W.M.
TitleContinuity and Change in Womens Characteristics over Four Decades.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 1980, Vol. 3, 333 - 347
PublicMothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley, USA, 1930-70
Last assesment1970
 T1: 1930, T2: 1970
Survey nameNot available
 Berkely Growth and Guidance Study
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample. Mothers of children who participated in a longterm developmental study
Respondents N =81
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Extensive interviews between age 30 and 70
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport in focused interview: Rating of cheerfulness by interviewer on the basis of an extensive interview. Rating options: 7 cheerful 6 5 4 3 2 1 gloomy
Author's labelCheerfulness
RemarksT1: M=3.7 SD=1.1 Ms'=4.51 T2: M=3.7 SD=1.2 Ms'=4.51
Error estimatesReliability: T1 inter-rater agreement: r=+.59 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport in focused interview Two independent interviews. Each interviewer rated `satisfaction with lot' on the same scale. 1 tremendously satisfied 2 3 4 average 5 6 7 extremely dissatisfied
Author's labelSatisfaction with lot
RemarksT1: M=4.0 SD=1.2 Ms'=5.01 T2: M=3.6 Sd=1.3 Ms'=4.34
Error estimatesReliability: T1 interrater agreement: r=+.60 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Cheerfulnessshow  Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Earlier happinessshow  Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Personalityshow  Earlier personality traits
Satisfaction with lotshow  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)