Findings on happiness in Schaefer & Bayley (1963): study US 1929 /1

Author(s)Schaefer, E.S.; Bayley, N.
TitleMaternal Behavior, Child Behavior and Their Intercorrelation.
SourceMonographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Serial no. 87, 1963, Vol. 28, 3 - 127
PublicGirls, followed from age 0 to 18, Berkely, California, USA, 1929-47
Last assesment1947
 T1: 1928 T2:1947
Survey nameNot available
 Berkely Growth Study. See Bayley 1933. Same study also reported in MCGRA 1968 and SCHAE 1963/1
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample. Children born in two Berkely hospitals in 1928 and 1929. Full term infants of white, English speaking parents.
Respondents N =19
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Observations of behavior and interviews in childhood and adolescence
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textClinical rating. Ratings by four judges on the basis of notes from observations and interviews between age 12-18. Ratings were made on the following dimensions: A. discontented B. unhappy C. dissatisfied D. complaints Rating options: 1 not at all true 2 3 4 average 5 6 7 8 extremely true Summation: not reported
Author's labelAdolescent Discontent
Error estimatesReliability: Kuder-Richardson formula (p 38): .83 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport in focused interview Rating two independent interviewers. A. Psychiatric social worker who interviewed parents at home. Interview focused on child B. Clinical psychologist who interviewed parents separately. Interview focused on family life. Rating options: 7 extremely cheerful, animated, jolly 6 5 4 usually good-humored air 3 2 1 dejected, melancholic appearance, in the dumps Summation: average ratings A and B
Author's labelAdolescent Cheerfulness
Error estimatesReliability: Kuder-Richardson formula (p 38): .83 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Cheerfulnessshow  O-open by A-CA
Cheerfulnessshow  Rating of happiness by interviewer, also classified as above ↑
Emotional tone in babyhood (age 0-3)show  Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Emotional tone in babyhood (age 0-3)show  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), also classified as above ↑
Personality in adolescence (age 12-18)show  PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS
Personality in childhood (age 2 to 8)show  Earlier personality traits