Findings on happiness in Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1

Publication
Author(s)Bachman, J.G.; Johnston, J.; O'Malley, P.M.
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Investigation
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Last assesment1974
 T1:1966 T2:1968 T3:1969 T4:1970 T5:1974
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multi-stage sample selecting resp. geographic areas, one public high school in each area, and about 30 tenth grade boys within each school by random sampling (in fall, 1966). A supplementary probability sample of tenth grade boys in 10 outstanding high schools was also included.
Respondents N =2213
 T1: 2213, T2: 1886, T3:1799, T4:1620, T5:1628
Non Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews, tests and questionnaires
General remarksSome of the dat presented here were also reported in BACHM 1967 and BACHM 1970. Data reported in this excerpt are largely based on a correlation matrix provided by the author.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions: " Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you" 1 I feel like smiling 2 I generally feel in good spirits 3 I feel happy 4 I am very satisfied with life 5 I find a good deal of happiness in life 6 I feel sad Response options: 5 almost always true 4 often true 3 sometimes true 2 seldom true 1 never true Summation: average Possible range: 1 to 5
ClassificationO-HP-g-mq-v-5-a
Author's labelHappiness
Error estimatesOvertime correlations (r): T1 T2 T3 T4 T1 T2 +.54 T3 +.45 +.61 T4 +.43 +.54 +.61
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Academic achievement valueshow  Earlier value-preferences
Academic achievement valueshow  Later value-preferences, also classified as above ↑
Acceptance of social valuesshow  Earlier value-preferences
Alcohol useshow  Later use of stimulants
Ambitious job attitudeshow  Earlier motivation to work
Ambitious job attitudeshow  Later motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Concern about overpopulationshow  Development of one's concerns
Daily cigarette useshow  Later use of stimulants
Delinquent behavior in schoolshow  Aggressive behavior
Delinquent behavior in schoolshow  Earlier aggression, also classified as above ↑
Delinquent behavior in schoolshow  Later aggression, also classified as above ↑
Drug useshow  Later use of stimulants
Family's socioeconomic levelshow  Earlier family situation
Family's socioeconomic levelshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Father's occupationshow  Earlier family situation
Father's occupationshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Government should end discriminationshow  Earlier political behavior
Government should end discriminationshow  Later political behavior, also classified as above ↑
Interest in governmentshow  Later political behavior
Internal controlshow  Earlier inner-control
Interpersonal aggressionshow  Aggressive behavior
Later marital statusshow  Life-change career
Marijuana useshow  Later use of stimulants
Need for self-developmentshow  Later need for self-actualisation
Need for self-utilizationshow  Later need for self-actualisation
Negative affective statesshow  Later mood-pattern
Number of books in homeshow  Earlier family situation
Number of books in homeshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Number of rooms per person in homeshow  Earlier family situation
Number of rooms per person in homeshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Parental punitivenessshow  Earlier family situation
Parental punitivenessshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Parents' educationshow  Earlier family situation
Parents' educationshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Possessions in homeshow  Earlier family situation
Possessions in homeshow  Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Prefer more military influenceshow  Earlier political behavior
Prefer more military influenceshow  Later political behavior, also classified as above ↑
Preference for 'a job that doesn't bug me'show  Earlier motivation to work
Preference for 'a job that doesn't bug me'show  Later motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Preference for 'a job that pays off'show  Earlier motivation to work
Preference for 'a job that pays off'show  Later motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with own school workshow  Satisfaction with own school-performance
Self-esteemshow  Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Self-esteemshow  Later self-image, also classified as above ↑
Serious delinquent behaviorsshow  Aggressive behavior
Serious delinquent behaviorsshow  Earlier aggression, also classified as above ↑
Serious delinquent behaviorsshow  Later aggression, also classified as above ↑
Social distanceshow  Later tolerance
Somatic symptomsshow  Earlier psycho-somatic complaints
Status of aspired occupationshow  Earlier motivation to work
Status of aspired occupationshow  Later motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Test anxietyshow  Later fail-anxiousness
Theft and vandalismshow  Aggressive behavior
Theft and vandalismshow  Earlier aggression, also classified as above ↑
Theft and vandalismshow  Later aggression, also classified as above ↑
Trust in peopleshow  Later trusting
Trust in peopleshow  Trust career, also classified as above ↑
Urbanicity of later dwellingshow  Later residence
Vietnam dissidentshow  Earlier political behavior
Vietnam dissidentshow  Later political behavior, also classified as above ↑