Findings on happiness in Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1

Publication
Author(s)Bachman, J.G.; Johnston, J.; O'Malley, P.M.
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Investigation
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Last assesment1974
 T1:1966 T2:1968 T3:1969 T4:1970 T5:1974
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multi-stage sample selecting resp. geographic areas, one public high school in each area, and about 30 tenth grade boys within each school by random sampling (in fall, 1966). A supplementary probability sample of tenth grade boys in 10 outstanding high schools was also included.
Respondents N =2213
 T1: 2213, T2: 1886, T3:1799, T4:1620, T5:1628
Non Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews, tests and questionnaires
General remarksSome of the dat presented here were also reported in BACHM 1967 and BACHM 1970. Data reported in this excerpt are largely based on a correlation matrix provided by the author.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions: " Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you" 1 I feel like smiling 2 I generally feel in good spirits 3 I feel happy 4 I am very satisfied with life 5 I find a good deal of happiness in life 6 I feel sad Response options: 5 almost always true 4 often true 3 sometimes true 2 seldom true 1 never true Summation: average Possible range: 1 to 5
ClassificationO-HP-g-mq-v-5-a
Author's labelHappiness
Error estimatesOvertime correlations (r): T1 T2 T3 T4 T1 T2 +.54 T3 +.45 +.61 T4 +.43 +.54 +.61
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Academic achievement valueV01aa01Earlier value-preferences
Academic achievement valueV01ac01Later value-preferences, also classified as above ↑
Acceptance of social valuesV01aa01Earlier value-preferences
Alcohol useS13aa03Later use of stimulants
Ambitious job attitudeW05aa01aEarlier motivation to work
Ambitious job attitudeW05aa03aLater motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Concern about overpopulationC09aaDevelopment of one's concerns
Daily cigarette useS13aa03Later use of stimulants
Delinquent behavior in schoolA05ab02Aggressive behavior
Delinquent behavior in schoolA05aa01Earlier aggression, also classified as above ↑
Delinquent behavior in schoolA05aa03Later aggression, also classified as above ↑
Drug useS13aa03Later use of stimulants
Family's socioeconomic levelF01aa01Earlier family situation
Family's socioeconomic levelF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Father's occupationF01aa01Earlier family situation
Father's occupationF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Government should end discriminationP09aa01Earlier political behavior
Government should end discriminationP09aa03Later political behavior, also classified as above ↑
Interest in governmentP09aa03Later political behavior
Internal controlP02ab16Earlier inner-control
Interpersonal aggressionA05ab02Aggressive behavior
Later marital statusL05aaLife-change career
Marijuana useS13aa03Later use of stimulants
Need for self-developmentP06ab06Later need for self-actualisation
Need for self-utilizationP06ab06Later need for self-actualisation
Negative affective statesM15aa03Later mood-pattern
Number of books in homeF01aa01Earlier family situation
Number of books in homeF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Number of rooms per person in homeF01aa01Earlier family situation
Number of rooms per person in homeF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Parent's educationF01aa01Earlier family situation
Parent's educationF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Parental punitivenessF01aa01Earlier family situation
Parental punitivenessF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Possessions in homeF01aa01Earlier family situation
Possessions in homeF01aa03Later family situation, also classified as above ↑
Prefer more military influenceP09aa01Earlier political behavior
Prefer more military influenceP09aa03Later political behavior, also classified as above ↑
Preference for 'a job that doesn't bug me'W05aa01aEarlier motivation to work
Preference for 'a job that doesn't bug me'W05aa03aLater motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Preference for 'a job that pays off'W05aa01aEarlier motivation to work
Preference for 'a job that pays off'W05aa03aLater motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with own school workS01af04Satisfaction with own school-performance
Self-esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Self-esteemS02aa03Later self-image, also classified as above ↑
Serious delinquent behaviorsA05ab02Aggressive behavior
Serious delinquent behaviorsA05aa01Earlier aggression, also classified as above ↑
Serious delinquent behaviorsA05aa03Later aggression, also classified as above ↑
Social distanceP06ab10Later tolerance
Somatic symptomsH15aa01Earlier psycho-somatic complaints
Status of aspired occupationW05aa01aEarlier motivation to work
Status of aspired occupationW05aa03aLater motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Test anxietyP06ab02Later fail-anxiousness
Theft and vandalismA05ab02Aggressive behavior
Theft and vandalismA05aa01Earlier aggression, also classified as above ↑
Theft and vandalismA05aa03Later aggression, also classified as above ↑
Trust in peopleP06ab11Later trusting
Trust in peopleT04aaTrust career, also classified as above ↑
Urbanicity of later dwellingL16aa03Later residence
Vietnam dissidentP09aa01Earlier political behavior
Vietnam dissidentP09aa03Later political behavior, also classified as above ↑