Findings on happiness in Ouweneel & Veenhoven (1994): study ZZ 1980

Author(s)Ouweneel, P.; Veenhoven, R.
TitleNation Characteristics and Average Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper, Department of Sociology, Erasmus University, 1994, Rotterdam, Netherlands
PublicAdults, general public, 27 nations, 1980
Survey nameNot available
 Data on average happiness in nations drawn from World Database of Happiness: Catalogue of Happiness in Nations.
SampleSelection from general population sample
 Non-probability chunk sample consisting of 27 national probability samples.
Respondents N =27
Non Responsen.a.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Most studies used face-to-face interviews
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Equivalent questions on overall happiness. (Slightly different items used in the various nations) Scores transformed to common range 0 - 10 by means of Thurstone procedure (response options weighted by experts) Weights for responses: 9.3 - very happy 6.7 - pretty happy 6.5 - fairly happy 4.1 - not too happy 3.7 - not very happy 2.7 - not happy 1.0 - not at all happy 0.6 - very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelf report on single question: Equivalent questions on life-satisfaction rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options. Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Cultural diversity of nationN02ab05Cultural pluralism
Defense effort of nationN12ab06aDefense-spending
Demographic characteristics of nationN03abCurrent demographic conditioins in one's nation
Economic status of nationN04abCurrent economic condition of the nation
Geographic characteristics of nationN05ab02Habitability of land
Health condition in nationN09ab01bHealth in nation
Level of education in nationN02ab02aLiteracy in nation
Political participation of nationN12ab05Political participation in nation
Political stability of nationN12ab05aPolitical protest in nation
Status of women in nationN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
Vulnerability of a nationN14ab09Summed nation characteristics
Welfare laws in nationN04ab11ceSocial security in nation