Findings on happiness in Schaefer & Burnett (1987): study US NorthCarolina 1980

Author(s)Schaefer, E.S.; Burnett, C.K.
TitleStability and Predictability of Quality of Women's Marital Relationship and Demoralization.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, Vol. 53, 1129 - 1136
PublicMothers of young children, followed 3 years, N.Carolina, USA, 1980-83
Last assesment1983
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Mothers in intact marriage selected from pool of low income mothers.The original pool was recruited from clients of a prenatal clinic (N 321). These mothers were interviewed when their child enrolled Kindergarden (N 237) and re-interviewed 3 years later (N 203). Equal number of Blacks and Whites selected.
Respondents N =51
Non Response?
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured Interviews at home, both at T1 and T2 (3 year lag)
General remarksThe index of 'demoralization' that is central in this paper does not fit our requirements for the valid measurement of happiness. Two items in that index do and these are used in this excerpt.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Here is a picture of a ladder. The '10' at the top of the ladder means the best possible life you can imagine. The '0' at the bottom of the ladder means the worst possible life you can imagine. On which place of the ladder is your life as a whole? Please mark the number that best corresponds with how you feel about your life now. 10 the best life I can imagine 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 the worst life I can imagine
Author's labelCantril ladder
Page in publication1131
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole? 7 completely happy 6 5 4 neither happy nor unhappy 3 2 1 completely unhappy
Author's labelFaces scale
Page in publication1131
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Quality of marital relationshipM03aa01aCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Quality of marital relationshipM03aa04aCharacteristics of later marriage-relationship(s), also classified as above ↑
Quality of marital relationshipM03abCurrent characteristics of marriage-relationship, also classified as above ↑