Findings on happiness in Timmermans (1997): study DE East Germany 1990

Author(s)Timmermans, D.
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Survey 2, ICPRS file nr 6160, first release August 1994
SampleNot available
 Probability multi stage sample of adults. Post weighted.
Respondents N =1336
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Do you feel your life at present is.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 quite unhappy 1 very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in1234

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in12345678910

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect Balance Scale
Remarks"+5 High 2.4% +4 9.6% +3 15.6% +2 18.5% +1 19.2% 0 14.5% -1 10.0% -2 6.2% -3 1.7% -4 .6% -5 Low .1% M = 1.25 "
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Children in the householdC03ab02Children in the household
Church-member or notR12ad01Church-member or not
Current ageA04abCurrent age (in years)
Current employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Current Household- compositionH20abCurrent household-composition
Current socio- economic statusS09abCurrent socio-economic status
Global health ratingH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Level of school- educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Membership of voluntary organizationsS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Perceived fate controlP05bpInner locus of control
Political concernP09ab01Political concern
Pride in workW05afPride in work
Satisfaction with family-lifeF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with financial situationI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Satisfaction with jobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Self-definition as religiousR12af02Self-definition as religious
ToleranceT02ab01Tolerant attitudes