Findings on happiness in Block & Zautra (1981): study US Arizona 1979

Author(s)Block, M.; Zautra, A.J.
TitleSatisfaction and Distress in a Community: A Test of the Effects of Life Events.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1981, Vol. 9, 165 - 180
PublicGeneral public, 3 cities, Arizona, USA, 1979
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 multistage sampling
Respondents N =537
Non Response11 %
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksSame study also reported in more detail in: Block, M.B. 'A Community Study of Three Models of Life Events', Dissertation. Arizona State University August 1979
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelquality of life
Page in publication175
Error estimatesr=+.71,repeat reliability.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.87

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Negative affectshow  Current typical moods
Negative Eventsshow  Sum of negative life-events
Positive affectshow  Current typical moods
Positive eventsshow  Sum of positive life-events
psychiatric symptomsshow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Socially desirable eventsshow  Attitudes to life-events
Socially undesirable eventsshow  Attitudes to life-events
Total Life Eventsshow  Summed life-events: equal weight