Findings on happiness in Bendo & Feldman (1974): study US 1970

Author(s)Bendo, A.A.; Feldman, H.
TitleA Comparison of the Self-Concept of Low Income Women with and without Husbands Present.
SourceThe Cornell Journal of Social Relations, 1974, Vol. 9, 53 - 85
PublicLow-income women with children, small cities and rural areas, New York State, USA, 1970
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample, stratified by employed status and marital status, drawn from twelve welfare jurisdictions. Stage of family life cycle was held constant by selecting women with a teenage child only. The study was carried out in cities with less than 100,000 inhabitants and the small towns and rural areas dependent on these cities. 693 husband-absent women and 532 husband-present women.
Respondents N =1325
Non Response-
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 at home
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "How do you feel personally, how happy do you feel?" Rated on a 5-step scale. (Answer options not reported)
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: ".........on satisfaction with overall life situation........" (Full question not reported.) Rated on ladder scale [ 10 ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ 1 ] (verbal scale anchors not reported.)
Author's labelSatisfaction with life in general
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Employed statusE02abCurrent employment status
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Welfare statusI01aa02dChange in source of income
Welfare statusI01ad03cWelfare, also classified as above ↑