Findings on happiness in Chiriboga & Lowenthal (1971): study US 1969

Author(s)Chiriboga, D.A.; Lowenthal, M.F.
TitlePsychological Correlates of Perceived Well-being.
SourceProceedings of the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, 1971, Vol. 6, 603 - 604
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Stratified random sample out of a community based population of people undergoing a process of normative transition: 1. High school seniors (mean age 17, facing marriage); 2. Newlyweds (mean age 24, facing parenthood); 3. Parents, whose youngest child leaves home (mean age 50, facing emptynest); 4. Pre-retired (mean age 60, facing retirement): snowball sample: recruited by respondents and organisation.
Respondents N =216
Non Response-
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Depth interviews and tests, ( 9 hours)
General remarksSame study also reported in CHIRI 1977 and 1980. See also: LOWEM 1975, CHIRI 1984, FISKE 1985/1.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how happy are you these days .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelPerceived well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 8 questions. "During the past week, did you ever feel.....?" A very lonely B restless C bored D depressed E on top of the world F excited or interested G pleased about accomplishment H proud Answer options: 1 never 2 once 3 several times 4 often Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H -Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13 Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
Author's labelPerceived well-being
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: positive affect score x negative affect score: r = +.18 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Affect balanceH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
Psychological deficits (mental illness)H13abCurrent general mental health
Psychological resources (positive mental health)_AR13ab01Personal qualities
Psychological resources (positive mental health)_BH13adCurrent positive mental health
Psychological resources (positive mental health)_BR13ab01Personal qualities, also classified as above ↑