Findings on happiness in Covinsky et al. (1999): study US 1994

Author(s)Covinsky, K.E.; Connors, A.F.; Landefeld, S.; Wu, A.W.
TitleHealth Status versus Quality of Life in Older Patients: Does the Distinction Matter?
SourceThe American Journal of Medicine, 1999, Vol. 106, 435 - 440
Public80+ aged patients 2 months after hospitalization, USA, 1994
 80+ aged patients of 4 hospitals, february-november 1994. Patients were included regardless of diagnosis, unless they were admitted for elective surgery, were discharged within 48 hours of admission, had the acquired immunnodeficiency syndrom(AIDS), or had multiple trauma. The current analysis included patients who were alive 2 months after discharge. intervieweble by phone, and cognitively intact.
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Respondents N =493
Non Response564
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: 'How would you rate the quality of your life at present? Would you say it is .. 5 excellent 4 very good 3 good 2 fair 1 poor
Author's labelQuality of present life
Page in publication436
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.94

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Dependence in self-care activitiesshow  Degree of restriction
Pain symptomsshow  Pain
Physical capacityshow  Degree of restriction
Psychological distressshow  Current mental complaints