Findings on happiness in Kousha & Mohseni (2000): study IR 1995

Author(s)Kousha, M.; Mohseni, N.
TitleAre Iranians Happy? A Comparative Study between Iran and the United States.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 52, 259 - 289
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1007061431186
PublicResidents big city (Tehran), Iran, 1995-97
 For comparative United States data authors refer to the 1994 GSS administered by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) in Chicago
 Data were collected in two waves, in June 1995 and in June 1997. The last wave was in a time of great optimism due to the election of a liberal president in May 1997 (Khatami)
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
 Probability sampling appeared not feasible in political context of that time in Iran. An experiment with a random mailed questionaire yielded a responserate of only 25%. A random telephone survey yielded a responserate of only 10%.
Respondents N =1561
 Original sample 1995: N=544, 1997: N=1055
Non Response4,8%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...? 3 very happy 2 fairly happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelvery happy to being upset
Page in publication261
RemarksNote a: Measured values 1995 and 1997 combined Note b: Straightforward translation could not be used in Farsi, the Iranian national language. The keyword used is "khoshhal". The answer categories were labeled as: "very happy"; "more or less happy" (as equivalent to fairly happy) and "being upset" using the term "narahat" (equivalent for "not too happy) that emphases the good-life dimensions of happiness.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.601.61

Scores in123

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Marital statusshow  Married vs never married
Marital statusshow  Still-married vs broken marriage (widowed+separated+divorced)
Occupationshow  Current occupation
Type of dwellingshow  Type of current dwelling