Findings on happiness in Keng & Hooi (1995): study SG 1993

Author(s)Keng, K.A.; Hooi, W.S.
TitleAssessing Quality of Life in Singapore: An Exploratory Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 35, 71 - 91
Public15-54 aged, general public, Singapore, 1993
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Questionnaire distributed by friends of the investigators and either collected back immediately, or left with the respondents for them to post back in a stamped envelope
Respondents N =329
 Of the 86 % who responded, 17 returns were not usable for the research purpose
Non Response14%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question asked twice ". satisfaction with life on the whole..' (full lead item not reported) 1 completely dissatisfied 2 3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 4 5 completely satisfied
Author's labelSatisfaction with life on the whole
Page in publication80
RemarksOverall life satisfaction was measured by an index based on two identical questions: one placed early in the questionnaire; the other inserted toward the end.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.68

Scores in12345

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age groupsA04abCurrent age (in years)
Highest level of educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Household sizeH20ab03Number of persons in household
Male sexeG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Monthly personal incomeI01ab01Personal income
Type of residenceH22ab02Type of current dwelling