Findings on happiness in Charness & Grosskopf (2001): study ES 1998

Author(s)Charness, G.; Grosskopf, B.
TitleRelative Pay offs and Happiness: An Experimental Study.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2001, Vol. 45, 301 - 328
PublicUniversity students, Barcelona, Spain, 1998
 Undergradute students, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Paid volunteers recruited by advertisement
Respondents N =121
Non Response0 %
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Questionnaire and experiment
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: ." In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel....?" Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic) 9 very happy (feeling really good, elated) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral) 5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy) 4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 3 mildly unhappy (just a little low) 2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low) 0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Fordyce Happiness Scale
Author's labelGeneral level of happiness (GH)
Page in publication308
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on 3 questions: "What percentage of the time would you say you are....?" (Percentages must add up to 100%) 1 happy 2 unhappy 3 neutral Computation: Net Time Happy (NTH) % time happy - % time unhappy
Author's label% of time Happy, Neutral, Unhappy
Page in publication308
Remarks% of time Happy 43.1, Neutral 43.1, Unhappy 13.8
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Decision 1: egalitarian over other-rewardingshow  Current helping
Decision 1: egalitarian over other-rewardingshow  Egoistic, also classified as above ↑
Decision 1: egalitarian over other-rewardingshow  Preference for equal rights, also classified as above ↑
Decision 2 (egalitarian vs downgrading choice)show  Current helping
Decision 2 (egalitarian vs downgrading choice)show  Egoistic, also classified as above ↑
Decision 2 (egalitarian vs downgrading choice)show  Preference for equal rights, also classified as above ↑
Momentary happiness (MH)show  Current mood of the moment
Passive (dead) vs active (live) role in partition experimentshow  Context of the interview