Findings on happiness in Ventegodt (1996): study DK 1993

Publication
Author(s)Ventegodt, S.
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Investigation
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
 It turned out that respondents do not differ significantly of the rest of the population, measured in VENTE1995.
Collect period2
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =4611
 The number of N all is in general not exactly known (it could be about 150 more) , only the N's for the findings are exactly given.
Non Response39%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
General remarksData of this study were used in an aggregated study of Ventegodt of 3 other studies of him with a QOL-measure that isa composite of happiness and non-happiness measures. See Social Indicators Research 2005 71:87-122 Conclusion: QOL is more associated with health and attitude towards life than with objective factors or events.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSingle direct question: How are you feeling now....? 5 very good 4 good 3 neither good nor poor 2 poor 1 very poor
ClassificationA-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
Author's labelimmediate self-experienced well-being
Page in publication422
RemarksThe 5 verbal answer-categories were transformed to cumulative percentages 1 = very poorly -> 10% 2 = poorly -> 30% 3 = neither /nor -> 50% 4 = good -> 70% 5 = very good -> 90% The in this way transformed mean is 71,9 See Ventegodt, 1995: Measuring the Quality of Life, page 64-67
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean4.107.74
Standard deviation0.862.14

Scores in12345
%0.74.614.345.335.1

Full textSelfreport on single question: 'How satisfied are you with your life now?' 5 very satisfied 2 satisfied 3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 2 dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied
ClassificationO-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication424
Remarks Original text in Danish: 'Hvor tilfreds er du med dit liv for tiden?' 5 meget tilfreds 4 tilfreds 3 hverken tilfreds eller utilfreds 2 utilfreds 1 meget utilfreds The 5 verbal answer-categories were transformed to cumulative percentages 1 = very poorly -> 10% 2 = poorly -> 30% 3 = neither /nor -> 50% 4 = good -> 70% 5 = very good -> 90% Thus transformed the mean is 69,3 See Ventegodt, 1995: Measuring the Quality of Life, page 64-67
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean3.977.42
Standard deviation0.892.23

Scores in12345
%1.06.815.348.528.5

Full textSelfreport on single question How happy are you now? 5 very happy 4 happy 3 neither happy nor unhappy 2 unhappy 1 very unhappy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
Author's labelhappiness
Page in publication426
RemarksThe 5 verbal answer-categories were transformed to cumulative percentages 1 = very poorly -> 10% 2 = poorly -> 30% 3 = neither /nor -> 50% 4 = good -> 70% 5 = very good -> 90% Thus transformed the mean is 66,2 See Ventegodt, 1995: Measuring the Quality of Life, page 64-67
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean3.817.02
Standard deviation0.822.04

Scores in12345
%0.73.131.444.320.5

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
"masculine" and "feminine" values"V02ac02Feminine value pattern
(un)employed and satisfaction with sex and daily contactsS06abCurrent contacts
(un)employed and satisfaction with sex and daily contactsE02abCurrent employment status, also classified as above ↑
(un)employed and satisfaction with sex and daily contactsS03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life, also classified as above ↑
abortionB01aa01aEarlier abortion
abortionH17aa01aEarlier abortion, also classified as above ↑
abortionL06aa01bSpecific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
acceptance of one's own bodyS02ad03Evaluation of aspects of self
acceptance of own bodyS02ad03Evaluation of aspects of self
acohol consumptionS13ab01Use of alcohol
alcohol consumption and healthS13ab01Use of alcohol
annual incomeI01ab01Personal income
assesment of one's financial circumstancesI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
attending school or universityS01aa03Current stage in school-career
attending school or universityS01ad01Intellectual level of school, also classified as above ↑
attitude to the questionaireI06abQuestioning
attitude to the questionaireI06adRespondents attitudes to interview, also classified as above ↑
attractivenessS03acAttitudes to one's sex-life
attractivenessS02adCurrent self-evaluation, also classified as above ↑
attractivenessA07ab02Self rating of good looks, also classified as above ↑
attractivenessS02ag01Self-perceived reputation, also classified as above ↑
believing that people speak well of oneselfS02ag01Self-perceived reputation
bodymass indexB03ac01cWeight
brothers and sistersF01af02Characteristics of siblings
childlessnessC02ab01Childlessness voluntary or not
childlessnessC03abCurrent parental status, also classified as above ↑
childlessnessC03aaDevelopment of parental status, also classified as above ↑
childlessnessB03ac03bPregnant, also classified as above ↑
children living at homeC03ab02Children in the household
children living at homeC04abCurrent characteristics of one's children, also classified as above ↑
co-habitantsC03ab02Children in the household
co-habitantsF03ab02Contacts with relatives, also classified as above ↑
co-habitantsH20abCurrent household-composition, also classified as above ↑
co-habitantsH20ab01Living alone or not, also classified as above ↑
co-habitantsC07ab01Living in communal household, also classified as above ↑
co-habitantsH20ab02Living with children, also classified as above ↑
co-habitantsC03ab03Non-biological children, also classified as above ↑
completed vocational education in 4 levelsE01ab03Educational specialization
contemplating suicideS14ab01Suicidal intentions
county of residenceR01ab09Region in Denmark
current diseases and conditionsH14adCurrent disease (who icd-10 classification)
current employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
current employment statusW04ab09Private or public sector, also classified as above ↑
current employment statusI01ad03cWelfare, also classified as above ↑
daily personal contactsI07ad02Perceived opportunities for contacts
denial of needsL04acAspect judgements of one's life as a whole
denial of needsL04ac01gGratifying (vs frustrating), also classified as above ↑
dietN15abCurrent nutrition
diet and healthN15abCurrent nutrition
difference in educational levels(self-partner)M04ab03aEducation of spouse
diseases diagnosis and current diseases(main catagories)H14ab01Expert rating of health
durable consumer goodsP12ab02Specific possessions
expression of life's potentialsP06ab06Later need for self-actualisation
expression of life's potentialsL07LIFE GOALS, also classified as above ↑
expression of life's potentialsL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life, also classified as above ↑
family social groupS09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
family social groupX01UNCLASSIFIED, also classified as above ↑
Feeling goodM15abCurrent mood of the moment
Feeling goodH07aa02aO-HL by A-AOL, also classified as above ↑
Feeling goodH07aa02eO-SL by A-AOL, also classified as above ↑
feeling good at workW05adCurrent satisfaction with work
feeling good at workM15ad04Mood during work, also classified as above ↑
feeling part of a larger wholeM05ab03Feeling part of larger whole
feelings at homeH20adAttitudes to household-composition
feelings at homeM15ad02Mood at home, also classified as above ↑
feelings at home,at work, at leisure timeL04ad02aFamily + leisure + work
feelings at home,at work, at leisure timeM15MOOD, also classified as above ↑
feelings during leisureM15ad03Mood during leisure
feelings during leisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure, also classified as above ↑
fulfilment of basic biological needsL04ac01fFulfilled/rewarding (vs frustrating)
fulfilment of needsL04acAspect judgements of one's life as a whole
fulfilment of needsL04ac01fFulfilled/rewarding (vs frustrating), also classified as above ↑
fulfilment of needsL04ac01gGratifying (vs frustrating), also classified as above ↑
fulfilment of social needsL04acAspect judgements of one's life as a whole
fulfilment of the need for an exciting and varied lifeL04ac01eExiting (vs dull)
fulfilment of the need for an exciting and varied lifeP05cqSensation seeking, also classified as above ↑
fulfilment of the need for self-realizationL04acAspect judgements of one's life as a whole
fulfilment of the need for self-realizationS02ae01dSatisfaction with self-realization, also classified as above ↑
fulfilment of the need for self-realizationP05crSelf-actualization (need for), also classified as above ↑
fulfiment of need to be usefulL04ac01kMeaningful (vs useless)
fulfiment of need to be usefulS02ae02aSatisfaction with contributions to others, also classified as above ↑
genderG01aaSex (male vs female)
happinessH07aa02aO-HL by A-AOL
happinessH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL, also classified as above ↑
having a partnerL19aa01Earlier love-life
having a partnerM01aaEarlier marital states, also classified as above ↑
having a partnerM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
having a partnerL19ab04Steady love-relation, also classified as above ↑
having childrenC03abCurrent parental status
healthy lifestyleH12abCurrent healthy life-style
heightB03ac01aHeigth
Job typeO01ab02Kind of occupation (profession)
kind of employmentO01ab02Kind of occupation (profession)
kind of medical treatmentH17acIllness treated
length of relationshipM03aa03History of current marriage
life satisfactionH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL
life satisfactionH07aa02eO-SL by A-AOL, also classified as above ↑
lonelinessM15ac05aFeeling lonely (vs not)
main occupationO01abCurrent occupation
main occupationR14abCurrent status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
main occupationE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
main occupationS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
main occupationI01ad03cWelfare, also classified as above ↑
management in public/private sphereO01acCharacteristics of current occupation
management in public/private sphereW04ab09Private or public sector, also classified as above ↑
marital statusM02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS
marital statusM02aa03Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
marital statusM02aa04Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
marital statusM02aa02Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
marital statusM02aa06Married vs will-full unmarried (never married + divorced), also classified as above ↑
marital statusM02aa05Still-married vs broken marriage (widowed+separated+divorced), also classified as above ↑
materialistic/spiritual valuesV02aa01cMaterialism
materialistic/spiritual valuesV02aa01gMeaning, also classified as above ↑
meaning in lifeM05abCurrent meaning of life
meaningful workM05abCurrent meaning of life
meaningful workW05ad02Satisfaction with aspects of work, also classified as above ↑
meaningful workM05abCurrent meaning of life
meaningful workM05aaMeaning career, also classified as above ↑
medical treatmentH17af01Alternative treatment
medical treatmentH17abCurrently in treatment or not, also classified as above ↑
mental disordersH13ab02Self ratings of mental health
number of biological childrenC03ab01Number of children
number of health problemsH14ab02cNumber of health complaints
number of severe health problemsH14ab02cNumber of health complaints
number of subordinatesL02abCurrent leadership behavior
number of subordinatesO01ac01Occupational level, also classified as above ↑
number of types of valuesV02ad01Diversity of values
number of types of valuesV02ac01Modern value pattern, also classified as above ↑
number of types of valuesV02acValue-pattern, also classified as above ↑
number of valuesV02acValue-pattern
objective factorsX01UNCLASSIFIED
operation under general anaesthesiaH17aa01eEarlier anesthesia
operation under general anaesthesiaH17af13Surgery, also classified as above ↑
partner's main occupationM04ab03dOccupation of spouse
partners incomeM04ab03cIncome of spouse
perceived quality of lifeH07aa01dO-HL by O-QOL
perceived quality of lifeH07aa02jO-QOL by A-AOL, also classified as above ↑
perceived quality of lifeH07aa01iO-SL by O-QOL, also classified as above ↑
perceived quality of lifeL04ac01Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life), also classified as above ↑
personal resources towards the questionaireI06adRespondents attitudes to interview
physical work environmentW05ad02eSatisfaction with work conditions
problems as challengesP14abCurrent problems
psychotropic drugsS13aa01Earlier use of stimulants
questionaire as fully adequateI06abQuestioning
questionaire as fully adequateI06adRespondents attitudes to interview, also classified as above ↑
questionaire's unethical questionsI06abQuestioning
questionaire's unethical questionsI06adRespondents attitudes to interview, also classified as above ↑
rating of one's financial means(unemployed)I01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
relations with fellow workersW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues
relations with friendsF06acCurrent contacts with friends
relations with natureL13ac02Attitude to local natural environment
relations with natureM05ab03Feeling part of larger whole, also classified as above ↑
relations with one's childrenC05abCurrent relation with one's children
relations with one's partnerI07ab04Perceived quality of intimate ties
relations with one's partnerM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage, also classified as above ↑
relations with one's previous partnerM03aa01aCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
relations with one's previous partnerL19aa01Earlier love-life, also classified as above ↑
relations with one's previous partnerM03aa01Earlier marriage relationship(s), also classified as above ↑
relations with one's previous partnerM03aa01bSatisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s), also classified as above ↑
relations with one's siblingsF01ad01Relations with siblings
relations with oneselfS02abCurrent self-characterization
relations with oneself(employed/unemployed)S02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
relations with parentsC06ac03Satisfaction with parenting
relations with societyN01abCurrent attitudes to nation
residence (country/town)L13ab02Community size
residence (country/town)R01ab09Region in Denmark, also classified as above ↑
response time in daysI06acRespondent behavior
satisfaction with aquaintancesF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
satisfaction with friendsS06ac04Satisfaction with personal contacts
satisfaction with one's financial circumstancesI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
satisfaction with one's own healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
satisfaction with one's relationship situationI07ab04Perceived quality of intimate ties
satisfaction with one's relationship situationL19ac02Satisfaction with love-life, also classified as above ↑
satisfaction with one's relationship situationM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage, also classified as above ↑
satisfaction with one's sexlifeS03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life
satisfaction with one's situation regarding childrenC06ac03Satisfaction with parenting
satisfaction with parentsF01alAttitudes to family of origin
satisfaction with relationsS06ac04Satisfaction with personal contacts
satisfaction with societyN01abCurrent attitudes to nation
satisfaction with the local natural environmentL13ac02Attitude to local natural environment
satisfaction with workW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
self-confidantM15ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
self-confidantP05cuSelf-confidant, also classified as above ↑
self-imageS02abCurrent self-characterization
self-perceived mental healthH13ab02aOverall selfestimate of mental health
self-perceived physical healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
sexual activityS03ab01Sexual activity
sexual preferencesS03ab03Sexual preference
sexual problems, kind ofS03ac02Problems with sex
sexual problems:having or notS03ac02Problems with sex
sick days last yearH14ab04Days ill
single breadwinnerE02ab01Full-time home maker
single breadwinnerI01ad02Main breadwinner, also classified as above ↑
single breadwinnerM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
single breadwinnerF02af01Oneself-mother: works (vs not), also classified as above ↑
smokingS13aa01Earlier use of stimulants
smokingS13ab08Use of tobacco, also classified as above ↑
smoking and healthS13ab08Use of tobacco
smoking per day (cigarettes equivalents)S13aa01Earlier use of stimulants
smoking per day (cigarettes equivalents)S13ab08Use of tobacco, also classified as above ↑
social groupS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
social work environmentW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues
talk with close friendsF06acCurrent contacts with friends
the quality of the social relationsS06abCurrent contacts
type of completed vocational educationE01ab03Educational specialization
type of educationS01ad02School-type
type of health problemsP14ab02cProblems with health
type of health problemsH14ab03Symptoms of bad health, also classified as above ↑
type of housingH22ab02Type of current dwelling
type of parents( biological, adoptive)F01abFamily composition (earlier for adults, current for young)
type of parents( biological, adoptive)F01ac03Non-biological child, also classified as above ↑
unemployment by years of schoolingE01abCurrent education
unemployment by years of schoolingE02abCurrent employment status, also classified as above ↑
unemployment with/without meaning in lifeE02abCurrent employment status
unemployment with/without meaning in lifeM05abCurrent meaning of life, also classified as above ↑
unemployment with/without partner/friendE02abCurrent employment status
unemployment with/without partner/friendM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
unemployment with/without partner/friendL19ab04Steady love-relation, also classified as above ↑
valuesC09ab02Specific concerns
valuesV02adValue set, also classified as above ↑
view of positive lifeL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life
view of positive lifeL04ag02Psychological-morale inventories, also classified as above ↑
weightB03ac01cWeight
with/without childrenC03abCurrent parental status
with/without childrenC03aaDevelopment of parental status, also classified as above ↑
with/without partnerM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
with/without partnerL19ab04Steady love-relation, also classified as above ↑