Findings on happiness in Suh et al. (1998): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Suh, E.M.; Diener, E.; Oishi, S.; Triandis, H.C.
TitleThe Shifting Basis of Life Satisfaction Judgments across Cultures: Emotions versus Norms.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 74, 482 - 493
Public16+ aged, general public, 43 nations 1990-93
 Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany East, Germany West, Hungary, India, Iceland, Italy, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, USA The age of the respondants ranged from 16 to 99 years with a mean of 41.9 and a SD of 16.5.
 1990 -1993
Survey nameNot available
 World Value Survey, wave 2
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Both random and quota sampling was used; quotas were assigned on the basis of gender, age, occupation and religion. Samples based only on an urban area (Moscow), not containing relevant items (South Korea) or incomplete data from respondents (1,112) were excluded from analysis.
Respondents N =55666
 The median size of the national samples was 1,027.
Non Response.11
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews were carried out by professional survey organizations or university-based institutions.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelIndividuals' emotional experience
Page in publication485
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelf report on single question: Taking all together, how satisfied are you currently with your life as a whole? Please indicate on this ladder. 1 means 'not satisfied at all' and 10 completely satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication485
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Emotional experienceshow  O-SL by A-AB