Findings on happiness in Headey et al. (1991): study AU AU Victoria 1981

Author(s)Headey, B.; Veenhoven, R.; Wearing, A.J.
TitleTop-down versus Bottom-up Theories of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 24, 81 - 100
Public18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981-1987
Last assesment1987
 T1: 1981 T2: 1983 T3: 1985 T4: 1987
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =942
 In 1981 942 panel members were interviewed In 1987 649 respondents remained. Checks have shown that the means and standard deviations of all variables (except age) have remained virtually unchanged over the four waves.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question asked twice 'How do you feel about your life as a whole?' 1 terrible 2 very unhappy 3 unhappy 4 mostly dissatisfied 5 mixed feelings 6 mostly satisfied 7 pleased 8 very pleased 9 delighted
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
FriendshipF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
FriendshipS06ac04Satisfaction with personal contacts, also classified as above ↑
JobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
LeisureA02ad03Satisfaction with activity pattern
LeisureL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities, also classified as above ↑
MarriageM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Standard of LivingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living