Findings on happiness in Suh et al. (1998): study ZZ World samples 1995

Author(s)Suh, E.M.; Diener, E.; Oishi, S.; Triandis, H.C.
TitleThe Shifting Basis of Life Satisfaction Judgments across Cultures: Emotions versus Norms.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 74, 482 - 493
PublicCollege students, 40 countries, 1995-1996
 Argentina; Austria; Australia; Bahrain; Brazil; China; Columbia; Denmark; Egypt; Estonia; Finland; Germany; Ghana; Greece; Guam; Hong Kong; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Italy; Japan; Lithuania; Nepal; Netherlands; Nigeria: Norway; Pakistan; Portugal; Peru; Puerto Rico; Singapore; Slovenia; South Africa; South Korea; Spain; Taiwan; Thailand; Turkey; USA; Zimbabwe.
Survey nameNot available
 International College Student Study
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =6780
Non Response2.34
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksThe International College Student Data (ICSD), collected in collaboration with international colleagues from 41 nations forms the basis for this study.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much of the time when you are awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion? A fear B affection C anger D joy E sadness F guilt G contentment H pride 1 never 2 slight amount (rare) 3 some of the time 4 about half the time 5 much of the time 6 almost always 7 always Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H) Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance
Author's labelindividual's emotional experience
Page in publication486
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 satisfied 5 mostly satisfied 4 satisfied/dissatisfied 3 dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication487
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
emotional experienceshow  O-SL by A-AB