Findings on happiness in VanHemert et al. (2002): study ZZ 1977

Author(s)VanHemert, D.A.; Georgas, J.; Poortinga, Y.H.; VandeVijver, F.J.
TitleStructural and Functional Equivalence of the Eysenk Personality Questionnaire Within and Between Countries.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2002, Vol. 33, 1229 - 1249
PublicNormal adults, general public, 30 countries, 1977-1997
 333 separate samples in 38 nations; Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Finland, France, Greece, Hongkong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherland, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Puerto Rico, Russia, Saudi-Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, West-Germany, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe
Survey nameNot available
SampleMixed samples
 333 samples in 153 studies, using different sampling methods. Studies were found by searching PsycLit using the keywords EPQ and Eysenck, all volumes of journal of Personality and Individual Differences, and snowballing on the basis of references in literatures already identified.
Respondents N =333
 333 studies involving 68,374 respondents
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single questions: This measure of average happiness in nations combines responses to different questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on different scales. Precise items and rating scales differ per nation. Average scores per nation were transformed afterwards to a common 0-10 scale. Name: Diener's SWB-score of nations
Author's labelDiener's SWB
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Extraversion vs introversionN11ab13Extraversion in nation
LieN11ab22Honesty in nation
NeuroticismN11ab24Neuroticism in nation
PsychoticismN11ab27Psychoticism in nation