Findings on happiness in Koivumaa-Honkanen (1998): study FI 1975

Author(s)Koivumaa-Honkanen, H.T.
TitleLife Satisfaction as a Health Predictor.
SourceDoctoral Dissertation, University of Turku, 1998, Finland (Kuopio University Publications D. Medical Sciences 143)
Public18-64 aged adult twin pairs, Finland, 1975
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Selected from Finnish twin cohort basic file, which continued sampled all Finnish twins born before 1958 with both members alive in 1975
Respondents N =29444
Non Response271
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
General remarksThis except reports the findings yielded by one item in a four item life-satisfaction scale. Unfortunately the full scale does not meet the validity demands of this database. Since most of the analyses are doen with the full scale, this except reports only a fraction of the findings.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Do you feel your life at present is…? 5 very happy 4 fairly happy 3 cannot say 2 fairly sad 1 very sad
RemarksCI95 [3.85-3.87] Original scale is reversed. This item is part of a 4-item life satisfaction scale. The other items concern the agree to which life is 'interesting', 'easy', and 'lonely' and do not fit the demands for inclusion in this data base.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Baseline healthH14abCurrent general health status
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
general easy of livingL04ac01dEasy (vs hard)
Interest in lifeL04ac01Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life)
Life satisfactionL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life
LonlinessM15ac05aFeeling lonely (vs not)