Findings on happiness in Gaitz & Scott (1972): study US Texas 1969

Author(s)Gaitz, C.M.; Scott, J.P.
TitleAge and the Measurement of Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 55 -67
PublicAdults, general public, Houston, Texas, USA, 1969
Collect periodautumn
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive quota sample stratified by age, sex, occupational skill level and ethnicity. Ethnicity: Anglo, Black and Mexican-American; as many males as females; as many low as high occupational skill levels.
Respondents N =1441
Non Response2%, aged Mexican-Americans of high socio-economic status only
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Error estimatesEquivalence: - affect balance score x negative affect score : r = -.07 (01) - affect balance score x positive affect score : r = +.72 (01) - positive affect score x negative affect score : r = -.01 (ns) Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question : All things considered, how happy would you say you are right now? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.671.75

Scores in123

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Ethnicityshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Mental illnessshow  Scores on symptom inventories
Occupational skill levelshow  Skill level of occupation
Psychological well- beingshow  A-AB by M-AO
Satisfaction with oneself as a personshow  Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Self-perceived physical healthshow  Global health rating