Findings on happiness in Yardley & Rice (1991): study US 1988

Author(s)Yardley, J.K.; Rice, R.W.
TitleThe Relationship between Mood and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 24, 101 - 111
PublicUniversity students, State University of New York at Buffalo, followed 10 weeks, 198?
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 T1: mass testing session as a part of a battery of tests T2: small groups, a follow up session 10 weeks later
Respondents N =65
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
General remarksT1-T2 difference: 10 weeks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of daily mood on 9 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt today A happy B depressed, blue C joyful D pleased E frustrated F angry, hostile G enjoyment, fun H worried, anxious I unhappy Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: (A+C+D+G)-(B+E+F+H+I) Name: Diener's 'Daily Mood scale'
Author's labelMood
Page in publication104
Error estimatesCronbach's alpha T1: 81, T2: 0.87 Retest correlation after 10 weeks r=+.48
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1,026.00

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect Balance in 10 weeksshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Well being (SWB)show  Earlier life-appraisals
Well being (SWB)show  Later life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑