Findings on happiness in Cummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003

Author(s)Cummins, R.A.; Davern, M.T.; Eckersley, R.; Hunter, B.; Lo, S.K.; Okerstrom, E.
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
 Fluent in English
Collect period4
Survey nameAU-WI Survey 6
 Wave 6 of Australian Unity Wellbeing Survey
SampleProbability area sample
 Randomly drawn telephone numbers
Respondents N =1979
Non Response88%
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole? 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 neutral 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
Author's labelLife as a whole
Page in publication4
RemarksThe values presented in the report are stretched to range 0-100
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.661.66

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Chronological Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Citizenshipshow  Foreign nationalities in nation
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Household Incomeshow  Household income
National Wellbeingshow  Current satisfaction with nation
Number of people in householdshow  Number of persons in household
Personal Wellbeingshow  Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Satisfaction with achievementshow  Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Satisfaction with achievementshow  Successful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with business in Australiashow  Attitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with control about financial securityshow  Satisfaction with financial security
Satisfaction with economic situation in Australiashow  Attitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with feeling of safetyshow  Satisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with feeling part of communityshow  Local social cohesion
Satisfaction with feeling part of communityshow  Satisfaction with social contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with financial expectationshow  Income expectations
Satisfaction with government in Australiashow  Attitudes to government
Satisfaction with incomeshow  Satisfaction with income
Satisfaction with life in Australiashow  Trend happiness in Australia
Satisfaction with national security in Australiashow  Attitudes to position of the nation
Satisfaction with natural environment in Australiashow  Satisfaction with natural environment
Satisfaction with personal relationshipsshow  Satisfaction with intimacy
Satisfaction with religion or spiritualityshow  Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with savings and invetmentdshow  Satisfaction with financial situation
Satisfaction with social conditions in Australiashow  Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Satisfaction with Standard of livingshow  Satisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with your future securityshow  Specific personal hopes
Satisfaction with your healthshow  Satisfaction with health