Findings on happiness in Abbey et al. (1994): study US 1988

Author(s)Abbey, A.; Andrews, F.M.; Halman, L.J.
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
 Married couples from Southeastern Michigan. Respondents were divided in fertile couples and infertile couples. At the first interview all couples were childless, but by the 3 rd interview 73 of the 174 'infertile couples' and 27 of the 74 fertile couples were parent.
Last assesment1990
 T1: 1988, T2: 1989, T3: 1990
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
 Couples considered infertile, were principally recruited from physicians' offices and marriage license application lists A comparison group of 90 presumed fertile couples was recruited in the same way and matched on the same demographic profile. Controls had no known problems with fertility, had no children as yet but desired children in a few years.
Respondents N =496
 N (couples) at T1: 496, T2: 265, T3: 248 of which 174 infertile and 74 presumed fertile controls
Non Response20%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 at T1 face-to-face, at T2 and T3 by telephone
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported) 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 very satisfied B … happiness… (full item not reported) 1 2 3 Response options not reported Summation: not reported
Author's labelglobal life quality
Page in publication259
Error estimatesCronbach alpha at T1: .74, at T3: .78
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
birth of first child + conditionsC03aa02bBirth of children
birth of first child + conditionsS15aa02Summed effects of changes in life, also classified as above ↑
Escape copingC11ab04Coping with specific life-events
Escape copingC11ab01Current coping-style, also classified as above ↑
Global Life Quality at initial interviewH04ab01bPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Got a childC03aa02bBirth of children
Got a childC03aa02Change in parental status, also classified as above ↑
Home stressM04afOwn attitudes to spouse
Home stressR15ab02aRole ambiguity, also classified as above ↑
Home stressM03ab06Tensions in relationship, also classified as above ↑
Infertility seen as problemC03adAttitude to having children
Infertility seen as problemC09ab02Specific concerns, also classified as above ↑
Infertility seen as problemW07ab02Specific worries , also classified as above ↑
Intercourse frequencyS03ab01Sexual activity
Personal controlP05bmIndependent
Personal controlP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑
Problem-solving copingC11ab04Coping with specific life-events
satisfaction with social supportS10ac03Satisfaction with social support received
Spouse conflictP14ab02bProblems with family\marriage
Spouse conflictM03ab06Tensions in relationship, also classified as above ↑
Spouse supportM04ad01Support by spouse