Findings on happiness in Matikka & Ojanen (2002): study FI 1994

Author(s)Matikka, L.M.; Ojanen, M.
TitleHappiness in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities.
SourcePaper 2002, FAMR Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland
Public18-77 aged intellectually disabled, Finland, 1994-2000
Collect period11
 From November of 1994 to the end of 2000
Survey nameNot available
 FAMR research unit at Finnish association on mental retardation for evaluation.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 482 persons from 87 service units which were interested to improve their working practices and service quality and ordered evaluation of their services
Respondents N =376
Non Response15%
 106 from 482 subjects are deleted because of missing value, level of ID being not known, and answering yes-yes at least 3 of 5 oppositely worded question pairs.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 in their home setting or in work places
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Are you happy with your life? 2 yes 1 no - don't know
Author's labelhappy person
Page in publication5
Remarksyes: 93% no: 7%
Error estimatesRetest correlation after 3 weeks: Phi=.69
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 2On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.262.55

Scores in12

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age groupA04abCurrent age (in years)
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
level of intellectual disabilityI03ad01Mental retardation
Participation: proxi ratingS08abCurrent total social participation
Participation: self ratingS08abCurrent total social participation
Personal control: proxi ratingF05ab03Current absence of restrictions (social freedom)
Personal control: proxi ratingS08abCurrent total social participation, also classified as above ↑
Personal control: self ratingF05ab03Current absence of restrictions (social freedom)
Personal control: self ratingI02ad01Restrictiveness of setting, also classified as above ↑
Social inclusionS06abCurrent contacts
type of housingH20abCurrent household-composition
type of housingI02ab04Living in a home for handicapped, also classified as above ↑