Findings on happiness in Brenner (1970): study US 1960

Publication
Author(s)Brenner, B.
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
Investigation
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample of 10 public high schools in New York State. Six schools were randomly selected from those in communities with a popula- tion of over 100,000, three from communities of 10,000 to 100,000, one from communities of 2,500 - 10,000, and one from communities of 2,500 or less. One high school in a medium-sized community refused cooperation. In each of the appropriate classrooms (juniors/seniors) three questionnaires were alternately distributed to the students, thereby selecting a subsample A (N = 1682), a subsample B (N = 1664), and a subsample C (N = 1678).
Respondents N =5204
Non Response1%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksIn the analysis 'not very happy' and 'very unhappy' are combined into 'not happy' and 'neither good spirits nor low spirits', 'fairly low spirits' and 'very low spirits' into 'not in good spirits'. The happiness question (indicator 1) figured in the subsamples A and B only where as the question on spirits (second instrument) in all three samples (N = 4942).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 fairly happy 2 not very happy 1 very unhappy
ClassificationO-HL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's labelHappiness
Remarks35% very happy, 59% fairly happy, 6% not very happy or unhappy.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: "In general, how would you say you feel most of the time - in good spirits or in low spirits....?" 5 very good spirits 4 fairly good spirits 3 neither good spirits nor low spirits 2 fairly low spirits 1 very low spirits.
ClassificationA-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a
Author's labelUsual mood
Remarks35% very happy, 59% fairly happy, 6% not happy.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Anxiety symptomsshow  Current mental complaints
Disruption of family relationshipsshow  Number of parents (broken home)
Educational level of fathershow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Educational level of fathershow  Parents education, also classified as above ↑
Educational level of mothershow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Educational level of mothershow  Parents education, also classified as above ↑
Extent of datingshow  Involved in dating
Feeling as able as others to do thingsshow  Relative superiority
Frequency of low moodshow  Feeling down (vs not)
Having faith in peopleshow  Trust in people
Having faith in peopleshow  Trusting, also classified as above ↑
Having fun in lifeshow  Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Hiding true feelingsshow  Defensive
Hours spent on work for payshow  Working of students
Income level of father's occupationshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Income level of father's occupationshow  Parents income, also classified as above ↑
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Number of extra-curricular activities taken part inshow  Extra-curricular activity
Number of extra-curricular activities taken part inshow  Leisure activity level, also classified as above ↑
Numbers of children in the familyshow  Number of siblings
Participation in extracurricular activitiesshow  Extra-curricular activity
Participation in extracurricular activitiesshow  Leisure activity level, also classified as above ↑
Perceived subjective social class position in futureshow  Expected mobility
Presenting a false selfshow  Defensive
Presenting a false selfshow  Modest (vs supercilious), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with oneselfshow  Current satisfaction with self
School social classshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
School social classshow  Socio-economic level of school, also classified as above ↑
Self-esteemshow  Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Sensitivity to criticismshow  Approval seeking
Sensitivity to criticismshow  Self-conscious, also classified as above ↑
Sensitivity to failureshow  Fail anxious
Social classshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Social classshow  Socio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young), also classified as above ↑
Stability of self- imageshow  Change in self-image
Subjective social class positionshow  Subjective social rank
Tending to be a discouraged personshow  Hopeful (vs hopeless)
Tending to be a discouraged personshow  Resigned, also classified as above ↑
Tending to be a lonely personshow  Close (vs lonely)
Tending to be a lonely personshow  Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, also classified as above ↑
Time spent on extra-curricular activitiesshow  Extra-curricular activity
Time spent on extra-curricular activitiesshow  Leisure activity level, also classified as above ↑
Usual moodshow  O-HL by A-AOL