Findings on happiness in Brenner (1970): study US 1960

Publication
Author(s)Brenner, B.
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
Investigation
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample of 10 public high schools in New York State. Six schools were randomly selected from those in communities with a popula- tion of over 100,000, three from communities of 10,000 to 100,000, one from communities of 2,500 - 10,000, and one from communities of 2,500 or less. One high school in a medium-sized community refused cooperation. In each of the appropriate classrooms (juniors/seniors) three questionnaires were alternately distributed to the students, thereby selecting a subsample A (N = 1682), a subsample B (N = 1664), and a subsample C (N = 1678).
Respondents N =5204
Non Response1%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksIn the analysis 'not very happy' and 'very unhappy' are combined into 'not happy' and 'neither good spirits nor low spirits', 'fairly low spirits' and 'very low spirits' into 'not in good spirits'. The happiness question (indicator 1) figured in the subsamples A and B only where as the question on spirits (second instrument) in all three samples (N = 4942).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 fairly happy 2 not very happy 1 very unhappy
ClassificationO-HL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's labelHappiness
Remarks35% very happy, 59% fairly happy, 6% not very happy or unhappy.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: "In general, how would you say you feel most of the time - in good spirits or in low spirits....?" 5 very good spirits 4 fairly good spirits 3 neither good spirits nor low spirits 2 fairly low spirits 1 very low spirits.
ClassificationA-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a
Author's labelUsual mood
Remarks35% very happy, 59% fairly happy, 6% not happy.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Anxiety symptomsH15ab02Current mental complaints
Disruption of family relationshipsF01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
Educational level of fatherS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Educational level of fatherF01ag01Parents education, also classified as above ↑
Educational level of motherS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Educational level of motherF01ag01Parents education, also classified as above ↑
Extent of datingL19ab01Involved in dating
Feeling as able as others to do thingsS02ad03bRelative superiority
Frequency of low moodM15ac04bFeeling down (vs not)
Having faith in peopleT04ab02Trust in people
Having faith in peopleP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
Having fun in lifeL04ac01lPleasant (vs unpleasant)
Hiding true feelingsP05atDefensive
Hours spent on work for payE02af02Working of students
Income level of father's occupationS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Income level of father's occupationF01ag02Parents income, also classified as above ↑
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Number of extra-curricular activities taken part inS01ac01cExtra-curricular activity
Number of extra-curricular activities taken part inL03ac01Leisure activity level, also classified as above ↑
Numbers of children in the familyF01ab01Number of siblings
Participation in extracurricular activitiesS01ac01cExtra-curricular activity
Participation in extracurricular activitiesL03ac01Leisure activity level, also classified as above ↑
Perceived subjective social class position in futureS05aa03aExpected mobility
Presenting a false selfP05atDefensive
Presenting a false selfP05byModest (vs supercilious), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with oneselfS02aeCurrent satisfaction with self
School social classS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
School social classS01ad04aSocio-economic level of school, also classified as above ↑
Self-esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Sensitivity to criticismP05ahApproval seeking
Sensitivity to criticismP05ctSelf-conscious, also classified as above ↑
Sensitivity to failureP05bbFail anxious
Social classS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Social classF01agSocio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young), also classified as above ↑
Stability of self- imageS02aa02Change in self-image
Subjective social class positionS09ab02Subjective social rank
Tending to be a discouraged personL04ac01hHopeful (vs hopeless)
Tending to be a discouraged personP05ckResigned, also classified as above ↑
Tending to be a lonely personL04ac01aClose (vs lonely)
Tending to be a lonely personI07ab05Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, also classified as above ↑
Time spent on extra-curricular activitiesS01ac01cExtra-curricular activity
Time spent on extra-curricular activitiesL03ac01Leisure activity level, also classified as above ↑
Usual moodH07aa02aO-HL by A-AOL