Findings on happiness in Headey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981

Author(s)Headey, B.; Kelley, J.; Wearing, A.J.
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
Last assesment1987
 T1: 1981 T2: 1983 T3: 1985 T4: 1987
Survey nameNot available
 Victoria Quality-of-Life Panel
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =419
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 In 1981 942 panel members were selected. By 1987 649 members remained. In 1987 a supplementary mail questionnaire, used to measure depression and anxiety, netted 419 replies. Mailed questionnaire at T4 to measure depression/anxiety
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question asked twice 'How do you feel about your life as a whole?' 1 terrible 2 very unhappy 3 unhappy 4 mostly dissatisfied 5 mixed feelings 6 mostly satisfied 7 pleased 8 very pleased 9 delighted
Author's labelLife-as-a-whole (LAW) index
Page in publication67
Error estimatesCorrelations between responses to this same item administered15 minutes apart: +.71
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPositive(PAS)/Negative(NAS) Affect Scale
Page in publication68
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!) 9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral) 5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low) 1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
Author's label0-10 Happy-Scale
Page in publication68
Finding used in
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Full textSelf report on 8 items A How do you feel about your life as a whole? Rated on a 9-step Delighted-Terrible scale Asked twice in the interview with 15 minutes interval B a In most ways my life is close to ideal b The conditions of my life are excellent c I am satisfied with my life d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing' Answers rated: 7 strongly agree to 1 strongly disagree C How do you feel usually? 0 extremely unhappy . . 10 extremely happy Computation: factor
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication76
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
0-10 Happy Scaleshow  O-DT by A-AOL
Adverse eventsshow  Sum of negative life-events
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Anxietyshow  Anxious
Anxietyshow  Feeling secure (vs threatened), also classified as above ↑
Availability of intimate attachmentshow  Current chances for intimacy
Availability of intimate attachmentshow  Current intimate relationships, also classified as above ↑
Availabilty of friendsshow  Current contacts with friends
Availabilty of friendsshow  Current friendship network, also classified as above ↑
Beck Depression Inventoryshow  Depressive (f31-33)
EPI Lie scaleshow  Agreeing, yea-saying
Extraversionshow  Extraverted
Family cohesionshow  Family climate (earlier for adults, current for young)
Family satisfactionshow  Attitudes to family of origin
Family satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with family, also classified as above ↑
Favourable eventsshow  Sum of positive life-events
Friendship satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with friends
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)show  Scores on symptom inventories
Health Satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with health
Healthy lifestyleshow  Current healthy life-style
Negative Affect Scale (NAS)show  Current mood of the moment
Neuroticismshow  Neurotic (f48)
Openness to feelingsshow  Open
Positive Affect Scale (PAS)show  Current mood of the moment
Satisfaction with Life (SWLS) scaleshow  Life-adjustment inventories
Self-rated healthshow  Self-perceived health
Sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Sociabilityshow  Sociable
Socio-economic statusshow  Current socio-economic status
Warmthshow  Empathic