Findings on happiness in Lance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984

Author(s)Lance, C.E.; Lautenschlager, G.J.; Sloan, C.E.; Varca, P.E.
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Of the 170 respondents were 36 unmarried; their data records were deleted
Respondents N =134
Non Response62%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How satisfied are you with your life in general? 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 very satisfied
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in publication608
Error estimatesretest after two weeks: r = +.82 (N=105)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.94

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Job satisfactionshow  Attitudes to current occupation
Job satisfactionshow  Current satisfaction with work, also classified as above ↑
Marital satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with marriage
Satisfaction with social activitiesshow  Satisfaction with social participation
support from co-workersshow  Perceived availability of social support
support from co-workersshow  Relations at work, also classified as above ↑
Support from friendsshow  Attitudes to friendship
Support from friendsshow  Perceived availability of social support, also classified as above ↑
Support of spouceshow  Mutual support
Support of spouceshow  Perceived availability of social support, also classified as above ↑