Findings on happiness in Smits et al. (1995): study NL 1992

Author(s)Smits, C.H.; Bosscher, R.J.; Deeg, D.J.
TitleWell-being and control in older persons: The prediction of well-being from control measures.
SourceIntenational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1995, Vol. 40, 237 - 251
DOIDOI: 10.2190/JH5F-2XWH-Y101-7EWF
PublicElderly, Sassenheim, the Netherlands, 1992
 55-64, 65-74, 75-89
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =119
Non Response24,4%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interview and additional questionnaires
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?" A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: 1 never 2 sometimes 3 often 4 very often Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -15 to +15 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
Author's labelWell-being
Page in publication243
RemarksTranslation by authors. Balance score is mean score on all items.
Error estimatesCronbach alpha = .64
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -15 - 15On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation3.77

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
ageA04ab03Age difference among elderly
genderG01aaSex (male vs female)
internal health controlH12adAttitudes to health-maintenance
masteryP05bpInner locus of control
neuroticismH13ac05cNeurotic (f48)
self-efficacyP05avEfficacious, productive
sense of coherenceP05apCoherence (sense of)
social inadequacyS06acAttitudes to personal contacts