Findings on happiness in Koivumaa-Honkanen et al. (2003): study FI 1976

Author(s)Koivumaa-Honkanen, H.T.; Honkanen, R.J.; Kaprio, J.; Koskenvuo, M.
TitleSelf-Reported Happiness in Life and Suicide in Ensuing 20 Years.
SourceSocial Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2003, Vol. 38, 244 - 248
PublicAdults, Finland, 1976-1995
 Age range 18-64 at T1 on 1 January 1976
 T1: 1976, T2: 1981, T3: 1995
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Selected from Finnish twin cohort file, which continued sampled all Finnish same-sex twins born before 1958 with both members alive in 1975. And included some singletons with sets of same-sexed persons with the same data, community and surname at birth
Respondents N =29067
 T1(1975): 29,067, Female =14,750, Male=14,317/ Singletons=4,215, Twins=24,852 T2(1981: 21,216 T3(1990): 11,945
Non Response16%
 AT T1(1975)
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaires: - T1 (1975): health questionnaire, happiness - T2 (1981: only to twins, health, happiness - T3 (1990): only to twins, health, happiness, Beck Depression Inventory - The Finnish cause of death registry was used to identify suicides(T1-T3)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Do you feel your life at present is…? 5 very happy 4 fairly happy 3 cannot say 2 fairly sad 1 very sad
Author's labelhappiness
Page in publication245
RemarksAssessed at T1
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in12345

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
DepressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
suicidesS14aa03Later suicidal behavior