Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M15ac

StudyWright et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleWhen a Happy Worker is a Productive Worker: A Preliminary Examination of Three Models.
SourceCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 2002, Vol. 34, 146 - 150
PublicPublic-sector managers, USA, 2002, followed 2 years
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response17
Respondents N =59

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative affectivity (PANAS)
Page in Source 148
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M15ac
Operationalization
PANAS scale: version 'in general'
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each affecivity state in general on a five point scale 
ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Postive and negative affectivity are 
measured separately.
Observed distributionpositive affectivity: M=3,1 SD= 0,6 negative affectivity: M= 1,8 SD=0,6
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: positive affectivity: .93 negative affectivity: .89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.59 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 positive affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.62 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 negative affectivity


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-eSelfreport on 8 questions:

Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?
A On top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F Depressed or very unhappy
G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Reponse options:
0 never
1 sometimes
3 often

Scoring:
PA = A+C+D (range 0-9)
NA = B+E+F+G+H (range 0-15)
ABS = PA-NA (range 1-7)

Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl