Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items

StudyDiener et al. (1995b): study US 1993
TitlePhysical Attractiveness and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 120 - 129
PublicCollege students, USA 199?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Life (SWLS)
Page in Source 126
Our classificationHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items
Operationalization
Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with 
each of the items by placing the appropriate number on 
the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest 
in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in 
life
E  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing 


Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5
Remarks
The satisfaction with life scale is not considered a 
valid measure of happiness. Because a positive answer 
to the E question does not necessarily mean that the 
respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aDM=+
             SWLS score 
males        M        SD
- happy      28.6     3.2  
- unhappy    20.3     5.9
Females
- happy      27.9     3.6  
- unhappy    22.8     4.0


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl