Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items

StudyDiener et al. (1995b): study US 1993
TitlePhysical Attractiveness and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 120 - 129
PublicCollege students, USA 199?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =146

Author's labelSatisfaction with Life (SWLS)
Page in Source 126
Our classificationHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items
Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with 
each of the items by placing the appropriate number on 
the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest 
in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in 
E  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing 

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5
The satisfaction with life scale is not considered a 
valid measure of happiness. Because a positive answer 
to the E question does not necessarily mean that the 
respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.

Observed Relation with Happiness
             SWLS score 
males        M        SD
- happy      28.6     3.2  
- unhappy    20.3     5.9
- happy      27.9     3.6  
- unhappy    22.8     4.0

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.