Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: In recent past

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelPast satisfaction
Page in Source 373
Our classificationIn recent past
Operationalization
Direct question, rated on a 10 point scale (higher 
numbers indicating higher satisfaction in past):"How 
satisfied or dissatisfied would you say you were 5 
years back?".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.18
France
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.16
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.17
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.18
Netherlands
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.13
Denmark
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.23
Belgium
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.31
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.20
Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=<.10
Northern Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.18
EC

's controlled for happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 
2.3); satisfaction with health,income and family 
life; age, income, education, marital status, 
having children, male sex, work; urbanisation, 
type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social 
participation; uncertainty about future, expected 
negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years 
in future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, 
hopeless about life and sense of control.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl