Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Value climate in the nation

StudyVeenhoven (1999a): study ZZ 1992
TitleQuality-of-Life in Individualistic Society. A Comparison of 43 Nations in the Early 1990's.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 157 - 186
PublicAdults, general public, 43 nations, early 1990's
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =50000

Author's labelValue: Conservatism
Page in Source 171
Our classificationValue climate in the nation
Perceived importance 'as a guiding principle in my 
life' of
a: national security
b: social order
c: reciprocation of favors
d: honoring elders
e: moderate
f: preserving public image
g: self discipline
h: politeness
i: family security
j: devout
k: obediėnt
l: clean
m: respect tradition
n: wisdom
o: forgiving
Rated -1 (opposesd to my values), 0 (not important) to 
7 (of supreme importance). Average score.
Data: Schwartz, S.H.: Beyond 
Individualism-Collectivism: New cultural dimensions of 
values, in Kim, U. et al. (eds): Individualism and 
Collectivism, Sage, 1994, USA

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.59 p < .01
Average happiness by average value conservatism in 
25 nations

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.