Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Urbanization

StudyVeenhoven (2004b): study ZZ 1995
TitleVeiligheid en Geluk. (Safety and Happiness).
SourceMuller, E.R.; Ed.: "Veiligheid Studies over Inhoud, Organisatie en Maatregelen", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 153 - 185
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8678
PublicAdults, general public, 65 nations, 1995 and 1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90000

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 166
Our classificationUrbanization
Operationalization
Percentage of the poulation that lives in an urban 
environment
Remarks
Source: Human Development Report, 1998, table 21

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.31
AVERAGE happiness by Urbanization in 60 nations


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl