Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyGonzalez (2008): study ES 2005
TitleBienestar Personal y Activades en la Edad Adulta Tardía. (Personal Well-Being and Activiteis in Late Adulthood).
SourceThesis, University of Malaga, Department of Psychology, 2008, Malaga, Spain
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/gonzalez_v_2008.pdf
PublicElderly, city Spain, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =250

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I feel that I am a person of worth
b: All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a 
failure
c: I feel that I have a number of good qualities
d: I am able to do things as well as other people
e: I feel I do have much to be proud of
f: I take a positive attitude to myself
g: On the whole, I am satisfied with myself
h: I wish i could have more respect for myself
i: I certainly feel useless at times
j: I think i am totally good

Rating: 1) strongly disagree..4) strongly agree

Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965)
Subjects´ self-esteem was assessed by 10 items (5 
writes in a positive way and 5 writes in a negative 
way). Participants provided their ratings by using a 
4-point scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 
(strongly agree). Scores ranged from 10 (low 
self-esteem) to 40 (high self-esteem).
Observed distributionRange: 10-40, M = 33.97; SD = 3.97
Remarks
Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.45 p < .01
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.53 p < .01
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.53 p < .01


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 12 questions:

During the past 30 days, how much of the time did you feel ..?
A So sad nothing could cheer you up
B Nervous
C Restless or fidgety
D Hopeless
E That everything was an effort
F Worthless
G Cheerful
H In good spirits
I Extremely happy
J Calm and peaceful
K Satisfied
L Full of life

Computation: (G+H+I+J+K+L) - ( A+B+C+D+E+F)

Name: Mroczek & Kolarz (1998) Affect Balance Scale (MIDI-affect)
M-FH-u-sq-v-7-aSelf report on single question

Do you feel happy?
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 slightly disagree
4 neither agree or disagree
5 slightly agree
6 agree
7 strongly agree


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl