Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Feeling down (vs not)

StudyBrenner (1975): study US Various places 1972
TitleEnjoyment as a Preventive of Depressive Affect.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1975, Vol. 3, 346 - 357
DOIDOI: 10.1002/1520-6629
Public18+ aged, general public, country and big city, USA, 1972
Sample
Non-Response19% in Washington, and 25% in Kansas City.
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelDepressive affect
Page in Source 351
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not)
Operationalization
Closed question on frequency of depression during past 
week: rarely/ occasionally/ most days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-bG=-.57 p < .001
Gs= -.48 (001) when controlled for satisfaction 
with major life areas.
Gs= -.48 (001) when controlled for usual quality 
of affect (closed question on spirits).
Gs= -.44 (001) when controlled for both 
satisfaction with major life areas and usual 
quality of affect.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-bSelf report on single question:

"How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life? Would you say.....?"
5 very often
4 fairly often
3 occasionally
2 rarely
1 never


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl