Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current mental complaints

StudyBrenner (1975): study US Various places 1972
TitleEnjoyment as a Preventive of Depressive Affect.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1975, Vol. 3, 346 - 357
DOIDOI: 10.1002/1520-6629
Public18+ aged, general public, country and big city, USA, 1972
Sample
Non-Response19% in Washington, and 25% in Kansas City.
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelPsycho-psychologic problems
Page in Source 352
Our classificationCurrent mental complaints
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on problems with 
energy, appetite, and/or sleep during past week rarely/ 
occasionally/ most days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-bG=-.43 p < .001
When controlled for depressive affect: Gs = -.31


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-bSelf report on single question:

"How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life? Would you say.....?"
5 very often
4 fairly often
3 occasionally
2 rarely
1 never


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl