Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Value climate in the nation

StudyVeenhoven & Kalmijn (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleInequality-Adjusted Happiness in Nations. Egalitatianism and Utilitarianism Married in a New Index of Social Performance.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 421 - 455
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/7204
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-8857-5
PublicAdults, general public, 90 nations, 1990s
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =90000

Correlate
Author's labelTolerance
Page in Source 432+436
Our classificationValue climate in the nation
Operationalization
Response to survey questions about the kind of people 
one would like to have as a neighbour.
Remarks
Source; World Value Surveys 1990-1995, items 51-60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW---sq-t-11-ar=+.50
LEVEL OF HAPPINESS by Tolerance in 79 nations
Level of happiness measured using average score in 
the country
O-SLW---sq-t-11-ar=-.33
INEQUALITY OF HAPPINESS by Tolerance in 79 nations
Inequality of happiness measured using the 
standard-deviation of happiness
O-SLW---sq-t-11-ar=+.50
INEQUALITY-ADJUSTED HAPPINESS by Tolerance in 79 
nations
Inequality-adjusted happiness measured using index 
of mean and standard deviation as proposed by 
Kalmijn & Veenhoven 2005
O-SLW---sq-t-11-arpc=+.43
rpc controlled for purchasing power per head


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW---sq-t-11-aSelf report on single question:

Various questions on overall satisfaction with life as a whole.

Scores transformed to scale 0-10


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl