Correlational finding on Happiness and Current motivation to work
Subject code: W05ac

StudyShamir (1986): study IL 1983
TitleProtestant work ethic, work involvement and the psychological impact of unemployment.
SourceJournal of Occupational Behaviour, 1986, Vol. 7, 25 - 38
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/job.4030070105/pdf
Public27-47 aged academics, followed 6 months, Israel, 1983
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response31.5 %
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelWork involvement
Page in Source 31, 34
Our classificationCurrent motivation to work, code W05ac
Operationalization
Six-item scale constructed by Kanungo (1982).
Items not reported
Observed distributionM=3,94. Scores are similar for employed and unemployed at T1 and T2
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: +.81 T1-T2 correlation: +.74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-d
T1 HAPPINESS by T1 WORK INVOLVEMENT
rpc controlled for finaciasl state
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.03 ns
among employed
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.31 p < .01
among unemployed
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-d
T2 HAPPINESS by T2 WORK INVOLVEMENT
rpc controlled for financial state
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=+.25 ns
among employed
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.27 p < .01
among unemployed
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-d
T1-T2 CHANGE in HAPPINESS by T1 WORK INVOLVEMENT
rpc with T2 happinesss controlling T1 happiness
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=+.38 ns
among unemployed at T1, employed at T2   (N=55)
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.12 ns
among employed at T1, employed at T2    (N=186)
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.19 ns
among unemployed at T1, unemployed at T2 (N=36)
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.31 ns
among employed at T1, unemployed at T2   (N=19)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how is your general mood these days....?"
1 bad almost all the time
2
3
4
5 good almost all the time"


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl