Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: 'Objective' socio-economic status

StudyNettle (2005b): study GB 2000
TitleSocio-Economic Status and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper 2005, New Castle University, UK.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nettle_d_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =11419

Correlate
Author's labelSocial-Economic Status
Page in Source 5, 12, 15
Our classification'Objective' socio-economic status
Operationalization
Socio-economic status based on occupation using the 
Registrar General's social classes. SES ranked in a 
five-fold classification from;
1 unskilled and routine (V)
2                       (IV)
3                       (III)
4                       (II)
5 professional          (I)
Remarks
N=9592
Unemployed not included. Coding reversed (original in 
Latin numbers)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aDM=+
                           M
1:unskilled and routine   7,0
2:                        7,3
3:                        7,3
4:                        7,5
5:professional            7,6

.
Set Image size:   

O-V-h-sq-n-11-ar=+.07 p < .001
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+ ns
Beta's controlled for:
- Income
- Personal control
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Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how do you feel your life has turned out so far?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl