Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Scores on symptom inventories

StudyNettle (2005b): study GB 2000
TitleSocio-Economic Status and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper 2005, New Castle University, UK.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nettle_d_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =11419

Correlate
Author's labelMalaise inventory
Page in Source 6,12
Our classificationScores on symptom inventories
Operationalization
Self-report on a 24 questions (derived from the Cornell 
Medical Index):
How are you feeling generally:
- Do you often have backache?
- Do you feel tired most of the time?
- Do you feel miserable or depressed?
- Do you often have bad headaches?
- Do you often get worried about things?
- Do you usually have great difficulty in falling or 
staying asleep?
- Do you usually wake unnessarily early in the morning?
- Do you wear yourself out about your health?
- Do you often get into a violent rage?
- Do people often annoy and irritate you? 
- Have you at times had twitching of the face, head and 
shoulders?
- Do you often suddenly become scared for no good 
reason?
- Are you scared to be alone when there are no friends 
near you?
- Are you easily upset of irritated?
- Are you frightened of going out alone or of meeting 
people?
- Are you constantly keyed up and jittery?
- Do you suffer from indigestion?
- Do you suffer from an upset stomach?
- Is your appetite poor?
- Does every little thing get on your nerves and wear 
you out?
- Does your heart often race luik mad?
- Do you often have bad pains in your eyes?
- Are you troubled with rheumatism or fibrositis?
- Have you ever had a nervous breakdown?

Rating: yes (2), no (1)
Remarks
N=11269

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-h-sq-n-11-ar=-.38 p < .001


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how do you feel your life has turned out so far?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl