Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about (un)employment
Subject code: E02ag02

StudyThompson et al. (1960): study US 1952
TitleThe Effect of Retirement on Personal Adjustment: A Panel Analysis.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1960, Vol. 15, 165 - 169
Public60+ aged, employed at start, followed 2 years, USA, 1952-54
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =1559

Author's labelHaving difficulties in keeping occupied
Page in Source 168
Our classificationConcern about (un)employment, code E02ag02
Self report on question about difficulties in keeping 
occupied (full text not reported)
0: no dificulties
1: yes
Assessed at T2
Observed distributionN = 0: 637, 1: 149
T1-T2 difference 1,5 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
                              T2 difficulties
                              NO       YES
T1-T2 CHANGE happy to UNhappy
- Gainfull employed thoughout 34%(474) 53%(76)
- Retired willing             30%(110) 49%(39)
- Retired reluctant           45%(55)  79%(34)

T2 difficulty in keeping occupied goes with loss 
of happiness since T1

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in life today......?
3 a great deal
2 some but not very much
1 almost none

B In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits.....?
1 I am usually in low spirits
2 I am sometimes in good spirits, sometimes in low spirits
3 I am mostly in good spirits

C On the whole, how satisfied are you with your way of life today.....?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not satisfied at all

Items selected by Guttman scaling.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.