Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about (un)employment
Subject code: E02ag02

StudyThompson et al. (1960): study US 1952
TitleThe Effect of Retirement on Personal Adjustment: A Panel Analysis.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1960, Vol. 15, 165 - 169
Public60+ aged, employed at start, followed 2 years, USA, 1952-54
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1559

Correlate
Author's labelHaving difficulties in keeping occupied
Page in Source 168
Our classificationConcern about (un)employment, code E02ag02
Operationalization
Self report on question about difficulties in keeping 
occupied (full text not reported)
0: no dificulties
1: yes
Assessed at T2
Observed distributionN = 0: 637, 1: 149
Remarks
T1-T2 difference 1,5 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aD%=-
                              T2 difficulties
                              NO       YES
T1-T2 CHANGE happy to UNhappy
- Gainfull employed thoughout 34%(474) 53%(76)
- Retired willing             30%(110) 49%(39)
- Retired reluctant           45%(55)  79%(34)

T2 difficulty in keeping occupied goes with loss 
of happiness since T1


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in life today......?
3 a great deal
2 some but not very much
1 almost none

B In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits.....?
1 I am usually in low spirits
2 I am sometimes in good spirits, sometimes in low spirits
3 I am mostly in good spirits

C On the whole, how satisfied are you with your way of life today.....?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not satisfied at all

Items selected by Guttman scaling.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl