Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in retirement status
Subject code: R14aa02

StudyThompson et al. (1960): study US 1952
TitleThe Effect of Retirement on Personal Adjustment: A Panel Analysis.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1960, Vol. 15, 165 - 169
Public60+ aged, employed at start, followed 2 years, USA, 1952-54
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1559

Correlate
Author's labelRecent retirement.
Page in Source 167-168
Our classificationChange in retirement status, code R14aa02
Operationalization
0 Employed: Both at T1 and T2
1 Retired: Between T1 and T2
Observed distributionN = 0: 1082, 1: 477
Remarks
T1-T2 difference 1,5 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aD%=
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness   happy    unhappy
                            to       to
                            unhappy  happy
Gainfull employed thoughout 34%(550) 22%(532)
Retired                     44%(238) 26%(239)
- willing voluntary         31%(75)  29%(65)
- willing administrative    39%(74)  42%(84)
- reluctant voluntary       64%(22)  26%(23)
- reluctant administrative  57%(67)  19%(67)
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aOR=1,04 ns
No more change in happiness among retired
 
Unaffected by
- voluntary vs compulsory retirement.
- economic deprivation


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in life today......?
3 a great deal
2 some but not very much
1 almost none

B In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits.....?
1 I am usually in low spirits
2 I am sometimes in good spirits, sometimes in low spirits
3 I am mostly in good spirits

C On the whole, how satisfied are you with your way of life today.....?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not satisfied at all

Items selected by Guttman scaling.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl